Vermicomposting: An ecofriendly approach towards solid waste management

Abstract : Vermicomposting is a biological process that uses earthworms to transform organic waste into compost that is rich in nutrients. It has become a popular and environmentally acceptable way to handle solid waste. This review offers a thorough analysis of the benefits, techniques, and fundamental concepts of vermicomposting as an achievable approach to the globe's waste management problem. It starts with an overview of the technique and then explores the biology of earthworms to clarify their function in the breakdown of organic matter and the improvement of soil fertility. Furthermore, the review focuses on several factors that affect vermicomposting effectiveness, such as temperature, moisture content, pH, and kinds of organic materials used. It explains the various types of earthworms that are suitable for vermicomposting. The advantages of vermicomposting on the environment are emphasized. This procedure yields nutrient-rich vermicompost, which is an excellent organic fertilizer that improves soil health and plant development without using as much chemical fertilizer. This review concludes by highlighting the significance of vermicomposting as an economical, sustainable, and socially responsible approach to managing solid waste. It offers perspectives and recommendations for decision-makers, practitioners, and interested individuals who are interested in maximizing vermicomposting's potential for enhancing communities and ecosystems while reducing the environmental impact of waste disposal methods.
Keyword : Earthworms, nutrients, organic waste, sustainable organic agriculture, vermicomposting, waste management
Author(s) : Singh, P. K., Singh, A., Fatima, N., Singh, K.
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Published Issue : 2024 Vol. 19 Number 2

2024 Vol. 19 Number 2