Studies on intestinal helminthiasis among school children in Osogbo Local Government Area of Osun State, South-Western Nigeria

Abstract :

Intestinal helminthiasis is one of the neglected parasitic diseases currently receiving attention from the international organization. This study was conducted in six selected primary schools in Osogbo town, southwestern Nigeria. Faecal samples from 336 pupils were examined using direct smear and formol either concentration method. Out of the 336 samples examined, 103 (30.1%) were positive for one or more intestinal parasites. Three helminth parasites were identified in the feacal samples namely; Ascaris lumbricoides (24%), hookworm (6%) and Trichuris trichura (3%) with cases of mixed infection; A. lumbricoides and hookworm (1.20%), A lumbricoides and T. trichura (0.3%), Hookworm and T. trichura (0.3%). None of the parasites was sex – dependent since the parasites were found in both sexes and all age groups. The infections were school dependent as public schools have significantly higher prevalence (p<0.05) than the private schools. The study revealed that poor socio economic status, large family size, low education level and poor environmental situation are the major contributory factors to the relatively high prevalence of helminthiasis recorded. Level of prevalence and intensity can be reduced by children targeted treatment program and school based deworming programmes

Keyword :

Intestinal helminthes, school-aged children, mixed infection, Nigeria

Author(s) : Okunlola, L. T., Bakare, S. O.
Downloads : 985
Published Issue : 2017 Vol. 12 Number 1

2017 Vol. 12 Number 1