Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) - An overview of distribution, life cycle, disease and control measure

Abstract :

Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer is an endemic species to Assam state and some parts of northeastern India. In this area, environmental and climatic conditions are very much favorable for the cultivation of muga silkworm. Cultivation of muga silkworm is called muga culture and as well as it is part of the culture of the Assamese peoples. Muga silkworm mostly wild, called semi-domesticated. It is a polyphagous insect and multivoltine in nature. The Muga silkworm generally produces the golden yellow colour of silk. Presently the production of muga silk is very less due to the high incidence of disease, natural enemies, and change in climatic conditions, farmers are using the traditional method for practicing the silkworm and poor seed quality. Generally, muga silkworm is mainly distributed in the Northeastern part of India and especially the Brahmaputra valley of Assam. Moreover, the Antheraea assamensis species has been reported from some parts of India. In Asia occurrence of the this species in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Nepal. This review mainly focuses on Muga culture including the distribution, life cycle, disease, and control measure of muga silkworm.

Keyword :

Antheraea assamensis, disease, control measure, Lepidoptera, muga silkworm, rearing technology, Saturniidae

Author(s) : Baruah, J. P.
Downloads : 22
Published Issue : 2021 Vol. 16 Number 1

2021 Vol. 16 Number 1