Impact of nanoparticles on the environment and earthworms: A comprehensive review

Abstract : The field of nanotechnology has gained immense popularity and is very applicable across many sectors. Their increasingly widespread use raises concerns over nanoparticles' possible effects on the environment and living things. These days, nanoparticles are employed extensively and carelessly without consideration for their long- and short-term consequences. Applications of nanoparticles might have several negative repercussions on Earth's flora and animals. The soil system, which is the habitat of many invertebrates, including earthworms, is contaminated by the discarded nanoparticles. Due to their critical role in maintaining healthy soil and a functional ecosystem, earthworms are especially susceptible to exposure to nanoparticles. This review begins by describing the numerous origins and varieties of nanoparticles that end up in the environment, such as engineered nanoparticles utilized in consumer goods, industrial operations, and so on. The exposure mechanisms of earthworms to nanoparticles are then addressed, including soil ingestion, cutaneous contact, and absorption from organic materials.
Keyword : Environmental impact, earthworms, nanoparticles, nanotechnology, potential risk, toxicity
Author(s) : Fatima, N., Singh, P. K., Singh, A., Singh, K.
Downloads : 10
Published Issue : 2024 Vol. 19 Number 2

2024 Vol. 19 Number 2