Ecological importance of Ziban wetland complex in Algerian Sahara

Abstract :

We evaluated the diversity and abundance of waterbirds in the Ziban wetland complex during the period 2012 - 2016 for the first time. This study was conducted in an arid region in north-eastern Algerian Sahara. A total of 55 species belonging to 17 families were recorded. The most represented families were Scolopacidae with 14 species then Anatidae with 12 species and Ardeidea with 06 species. According to the phenological status balance 21 species (38.18%) are passage visitor, 19 species (34.55%) are winter visitor, 10 species (18.18%) are Resident breeder, 4 species (7.28%) are migrant breeder and 1 species (1.81%) is casual breeder. The presence of three species near threatened following the IUCN Red List (Aythya nyroca, Limosa limosa, Numenius arquata) and two others vulnerable (Marmaronetta angustirostris and Chlamydotis undulata undulata) confirms the Ecological significance of the Ziban region for bird’s conservation.

Keyword :

Waterbirds, phenological status, vulnerable, Ziban, Algeria

Author(s) : Nouidjem, Y., Khammar, H., Hadjab, R., Mimeche, F.
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Published Issue : 2021 Vol. 16 Number 2

2021 Vol. 16 Number 2