Defense against insecticides in insects

Abstract : Chemical control is preferred over other control methods in the control of harmful insects in agriculture because it is easy to apply and has an effect in a short time. However, as a result of the unconscious use of pesticides against pests, many problems arise, such as disruption of the natural balance, environmental pollution, negative effects on beneficial insects and pests gaining resistance to them. In addition, drugs from the same or different groups do not have an effect on pests that have acquired multiple and cross-resistance to pesticides, and it becomes difficult to control the insect. In this article, the physiological resistance mechanisms that develop against insecticides commonly used in the fight against pests and the relationship between the increase in the activities of some detoxification enzymes such as esterase, glutathione S-transferase and P450 monooxygenase in the insect body and the development of resistance are examined. In recent years, the widespread use of insecticides to combat insects has caused pests to become resistant to these chemicals. The increase in the dose of insecticides used due to the development of resistance in insects has caused significant problems in terms of environmental and human health. This study covers the insecticides commonly used in the fight against insects, types of resistance to insecticides in insects, genetic changes that cause resistance, enzymes related to resistance in insects and resistance mechanisms.
Keyword : Insecticide, resistance, insect defense, developing insects resistance
Author(s) : Taştan, H., Başal, S. S., İrgin, S. S.
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Published Issue : 2024 Vol. 19 Number 2

2024 Vol. 19 Number 2