Bionomic and life table parameters of olive psyllid, Euphyllura straminea on olive seedlings under three constant temperatures

Abstract :

Bionomic and life table parameters of Euphyllura straminea Loginova were carried out at three constant temperatures (20¨¬C, 25¨¬C and 30¨¬C) on olive seedlings throughout one complete generation. Durations and percentage of mortalities for different developmental stages were estimated. Results revealed that egg incubation period, durations of nymphal stage and the five nymphal instars were decreased as temperature increased from 20¨¬C to 30¨¬C. Moreover, the highest percentage of mortality was occurred throughout 1st nymphal instar at 30¨¬C, while the lowest percentage was occurred throughout 4th nymphal instar. The values of zero of development for different developmental instars were 11.96, 13.30, 13.40, 13.10, 15.40 and 14.50 for egg 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th nymphal instars and nymphal stages, respectively. Results showed that the highest percentage of adults' emergence and sex ratio were occurred at 25¨¬C being 92.6 % and 1: 1.8, respectively. Also, results revealed that temperature had highly significant effects on durations of pre-oviposition, oviposition and post-oviposition periods as well as adult longevity for both sexes. These durations were decreased as temperature increased from 20¨¬C to 30¨¬C. Female fecundity and egg hatchability were affected by prevailing temperature. The highest numbers of deposited eggs was 277.2 eggs/ female and egg hatchability was 87.66 % occurred at 25¨¬C. Results of life table parameters showed that the highest percentage of egg hatchability and the lowest percentages of apparent and real mortality as well as the highest numbers of adult¡¯s survival were occurred at 25¨¬C. The highest net reproductive rate (R) was occurred at 25¨¬C being 88.91 eggs / female. The shortest generation time (GT) was 46.66 day occurred at 30¨¬C. Both intrinsic rate of increase (rm) and finite rate (¥ë) were occurred for those reared at 25¨¬C and 30¨¬C. Both values were 0.03 and 1.03 occurred at the two tested temperatures. The shortest population doubling time (Dt) was occurred at 25¨¬C being 27.95 days. All these parameters revealed that 25¨¬C seemed to be optimal temperature for rearing E. straminea

Keyword :

Euphyllura straminea, bionomic, life table parameters

Author(s) : Amin, A. H., Helmi, A., El-Wan, E. A., Youssef, A. S.
Downloads : 1693
Published Issue : 2013 Vol. 8 Number 1

2013 Vol. 8 Number 1