A review on Spheciformes (Hymenoptera) of Turkey, with history of their research

Abstract : A review was conducted of 188 papers treating the Spheciformes of Turkey between 1845 and 2022. Turkey's Spheciformes fauna has been updated to 633 species and 25 subspecies in 80 genera belonging to 10 families. Nine species of three genera of Ammoplanidae, four species of two genera of Ampulicidae, 20 species and two subspecies of two genera of Astatidae, 136 species of 19 genera Bembicidae, 254 species and seven subspecies of 27 genera of Crabronidae, two species of one genus of Mellinidae, 33 species of six genera of Pemphredonidae, 70 species and seven subspecies of three genera of Philanthidae, 26 species of five genera of Psenidae, 79 species and nine subspecies 12 genera of Sphecidae are recorded. Separately, distribution of Spheciformes in biogeographic regions in Turkey is also recorded. 451 species and subspecies of the Spheciformes have been recorded from Eastern Anatolia (68.5% of the total recorded species and subspecies), 251 species and subspecies from Southeastern Anatolia (38.1%), 351 species and subspecies from Black Sea (53.3 %), 420 species and subspecies from Central Anatolia (63.8%), 318 species and subspecies from Mediterranean (48.3%), 251 species and subspecies from Aegean (38.1%), 211 species and subspecies from Marmara region (32.1%). In addition, 69 genera of the Spheciformes have been recorded from Eastern Anatolia (86.3% of the total recorded genera), 51 genera from Southeastern Anatolia (63.8%), 63 genera from Black Sea (78.8%), 64 genera from Central Anatolia (80%), 68 genera from Mediterranean (85%), 60 genera from Aegean (75%) and, 57 genera from Marmara region (71.3%). The diversity of species (452), genera (69) and families (10) is highest in the Eastern Anatolia region.
Keyword : Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Spheciformes, review, Turkey
Author(s) : Kaplan, E., Yıldırım, E.
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Published Issue : 2023 Vol. 18 Number 2


2023 Vol. 18 Number 2